Agron. Sustain. Dev.
Volume 25, Number 3, July-September 2005
|Page(s)||337 - 343|
Quantifying biodiversity in ecosystems with green lacewing assemblagesBruno Deutscha, Mihaela Paulianb, Dominique Thierryc and Michel Canardd
a Université Catholique de l'Ouest, Institut de Mathématiques Appliquées, 3 place André Leroy, 49000 Angers, France
b Institutul de Cercetari pentru Protectia Plantelor, Bd. Ion Ionescu dela Brad 8, 77592 Bucuresti, Romania
c Université Catholique de l'Ouest, IRFA/Centre d'étude et de recherche sur les écosystèmes aquatiques, 44 rue Rabelais, 49000 Angers, France
d (retired) 47 chemin Flou de Rious, 31400 Toulouse, France
(Accepted 12 January 2005)
Abstract - Green lacewings are pertinent bio-indicators of an ecosystem's health. An example for detecting temporal changes in crop field biodiversity over a short period by sampling chrysopids is given. Light-trapping collections over ten years near Bucharest (Romania) implied changes in the species assemblages. The main species present were members of the Chrysoperla carnea-complex. They increased from 38 to 72% of the total Chrysopidae in samples. The faunistic richness (Margalef's index) only decreased by about 9% of its initial value. Shannon's diversity and Hurlbert's equitability indices showed a high level of biodiversity for an agri-environment. Nevertheless, they decreased significantly by about 45% over time, attesting to a loss in biodiversity. Statistical analysis by linear and logistic regressions shows that the progressive dominance of the common green lacewings is realistic, and constitutes indication of change in crop field biodiversity.
Key words: ecological modelling / Chrysoperla carnea / beneficial insect / biodiversity change / agro-ecosystem / Romania
Corresponding author: Dominique Thierry firstname.lastname@example.org
© INRA, EDP Sciences 2005