Volume 24, Number 3, April 2004
Page(s) 155 - 160
Agronomie 24 (2004) 155-160
DOI: 10.1051/agro:2004013

Effect of NaCl on citrus cultivars

José M. Cámara-Zapataa, F. García-Sánchezb, V. Martinezb, M. Nievesa and A. Cerdáb

a  Escuela Politécnica Superior de Orihuela (Universidad Miguel Hernández), Ctra. Beniel km 3,2, 03312 Orihuela (Alicante), Spain
b  Departamento de Nutrición y Fisiología Vegetal, Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura, CSIC, Apartado 4195, 30080 Murcia, Spain

(Received 17 December 2002; accepted 6 February 2004)

Abstract - We investigated the effects of salinity stress-relief on the growth and mineral composition (leaf and root) of one-year-old seedlings of Cleopatra mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco) and Sour orange (Citrus aurantium [L]). Salinization reduced plant dry weight more in Sour orange than in Cleopatra mandarin plants, although there was no correlation between Cl and Na concentration in leaves and shoot fresh weight reduction. We observed that regulation of Na+ and Cl- uptake and transport from root to shoot appear to involve different mechanisms which break down during a long period of salinization. Salinity induced a decrease in K+, Ca2+ and total N in Cleopatra mandarin leaves and an increase in K+ in Sour orange leaves. Growth of both cultivars was not recovered totally in the relief period, since relative growth rates of recovered plants were lower than for control plants after 60 days of relief.

Key words: citrus / salinity / mineral composition

Corresponding author: José M. Cámara-Zapata

© INRA, EDP Sciences 2004