Agron. Sustain. Dev.
Volume 27, Number 3, July-September 2007
Page(s) 261 - 266
Published online 09 June 2007
Agron. Sustain. Dev. 27 (2007) 261-266
DOI: 10.1051/agro:2007015

Deposition of platinum group elements and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on ryegrass exposed to vehicular traffic

Abdourahamane Tankari Dan-Badjo, Cécile Ducoulombier-Crépineau, Claire Soligot, Cyril Feidt and Guido Rychen

UR AFPA-ENSAIA-INPL-INRA, 2 avenue de forêt de la Haye, 54505 Vandoeuvre-Lès-Nancy, France

(Accepted 15 March 2007; published online 9 June 2007)

Abstract - Along highways, platinum group elements (PGE: Pt, Pd and Rh) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) produced by the vehicle traffic can be deposited on grass and soil, leading to a risk of contamination through the food chain via farm animals. We studied the deposition of platinum group elements and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on ryegrass pots exposed along a highway with 65 000 vehicles per day for 90 days in summer and autumn. After this exposure period, the ryegrass pots were transferred to a remote area for 5 weeks. The Pt, Pd and Rh concentrations were determined in ryegrass samples using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and PAHs were quantified by high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). Our results show that Pd and Rh concentrations increased with time of exposure. Pd concentrations ranged from 1.5 to 6.8 ng/g dry weight (d.w.), Rh from 1.5 to 3 ng/g d.w. and Pt from 0.3 to 1.4 ng/g d.w. The total PAH concentrations varied from 6 to 175 ng/g d.w. PGE and PAH deposition on ryegrass near the highway occurred mainly for the first weeks of exposure. During the 5 weeks following the exposure, the levels and profiles of PAHs and PGE (except Rh) in highway grasses transferred to a remote area did not significantly decrease, suggesting a potential risk of contamination for dairy ruminants.

Key words: Pt / Pd / Rh / PAHs / ryegrass / deposition / vehicular traffic

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© INRA, EDP Sciences 2007