Impact of global warming on the growing cycles of three forage systems in upland areas of southeastern FranceStéphanie Juina, Nadine Brissona, Philippe Clastrea and Pierre Grandb
a Département Environnement et Agronomie, Unité Climat Sol et Environnement, INRA, Site Agroparc, 84914 Avignon, Cedex 9, France
b Chambre d'Agriculture des Hautes Alpes S.J. INRA, Unité CSE, Ribiers, 05000 Gap, France
(Received 16 June 2003; accepted 6 February 2004)
Abstract - The simulations supplied by a combination of a global climate model and a weather generator allowed the creation of two climate scenarios including an increase and/or monthly variations in temperature for the 2070-2100 horizon, which were compared with two currently available series (1961-1990 and 1990-2000). Three forage systems applied in upland areas of southern France were simulated using the STICS model (silage maize, perennial alfalfa and grasses) and the outputs were introduced into a digital elevation model. We noted changes in precocity which allowed the sowing of silage maize varieties with longer crop cycles at lower altitudes and an enlargement of the crop zone above 700-800 m. When introducing monthly temperature variations, we observed major frost damage which decreased maize yields. As for gramineous and alfalfa grasslands, we obtained a lengthening in the growing period with earlier first cut dates and sometimes the possibility of a supplementary cut.
Key words: climatic change / silage maize / alfalfa, gramineous / upland area / crop model
Corresponding author: Stéphanie Juin firstname.lastname@example.org
© INRA, EDP Sciences 2004